Amazon chili (Capsicum frutescens) is the cousin of Tabasco chili (Capsicum frutescens) which is known as probably the most famous chili variety in the world for almost 150 years. The variety originates from the state of Tabasco in Mexico, and became world famous in 1868 when the company McIlhenny in Louisiana used it to make their well-known Tabasco Red Pepper Sauce . Tabasco chilies were preferred for the sauce because the chilies are very flavourful and also because, in spite of their thin fruit flesh, they contain a lot of juice. To make Tabasco sauce the chilies are crushed, salted and then fermented for up to three years in oak barrels. The fiery juice is then thinned with vinegar, which gives the sauce its typical flavour. To date, Tabasco is grown in Louisiana and in Central and South America on a large scale.