China chilli

(Capsicum annuum)

The most famous quote about chilli peppers in China came from the country’s most notorious chilli lover, Chairman Mao: “No chillis, no revolution (不吃辣椒不革命),” he said.

China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of chilli, growing between 50 million and 60 million tons of peppers– about 46 percent of the world production.

Many Chinese find it hard to believe that chilli peppers are not indigenous to China. But actually the hot spice originated in South America. People have eaten chilli for almost 10,000 years, but it was not until the 15th century, when Columbus brought the Chilli seed to the Old World, that the plant started its fantastic world tour.

Chilli was introduced to China either through the Silk Road, or on water through the Strait of Malacca into southern China. Before chillis were brought into China, people had a limited choice of vegetables in the summer. Things changed with the red plant.

“In the Szechuan and Hunan provinces in China, where many New World foods were established within the lifetime of the Spanish conquistadorsm by the middle of the 16th century chillies were known, having reached these regions via caravan routes from the Ganges River through Burma and across Western China.

Before arriving in China, chilli peppers had already been introduced into Europe and Japan. Although the exact time that the chillis entered the country remains unknown, the earliest Chinese document to mention chillis dates from the Ming Dynasty (1591) describes the plants this way: “The clustered chilli peppers with white flowers and round fruits are red and incredibly beautiful.” The peppers at the time were not used as culinary seasoning but as ornamental plants.

Zhejiang province, along the East China Sea coast, is believed to be where chilli peppers first entered China. The peppers soon expanded to Hunan, Guizhou, Hebei and Liaoning provinces, followed by Shanxi and Shandong provinces during Emperor Yongzheng’s reign. Next were Sichuan, Fujian and Anhui provinces, during Emperor Qianlong rule. Soon the peppers expanded to the rest of the country.

The first recipes containing chilli peppers appeared during Emperor Guanxu’s reign (1875 to 1908 So why has the chilli adapted so well in China? Food lovers and experts have been trying to answer this question for decades. There are several theories: First of all, the plant adapted so well to the local climate and proved its efficiency in driving out the body’s extra moisture and stimulating the appetite. But culture and economics have also had an important role in building up the pepper’s popularity.


SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS:

3.000 - 45.000

Nowadays almost all China provinces plants chillies, but mainly in Shandong province, Xinjiang province, Shanxi province,  Hebei province and Gansu province. We established a joint venture with our Chinese producer to guarantee stable quality  and reliable availability of the chilli specie CHAOTIAN and YIDU (Capsicum annuum) . Such kinds of chilli have different pungency  and accordingly can meet our buyer’s request. Our Chinese partner has the know how (incl. steam sterilization) to select the suitable chilli qualities from chemical index like pesticide, aflatoxin, ochratoxin, pungency. For powder the specie CHAOTIAN  is used and for crushed the specie YIDU. Usually the chilles will be harvested in the end of October and bulk material comes into the market by end of November every year. We are going to visit our Chinese partner before new crop to negotiate annual contracts in conjunction with the requirements of  our buyers throughout Europe who honour our quality guarantee backed by specifications, certificates of analysis by laboratory GBA in Hamburg, and attached flow chart . PRODERNA® stands  for our reliability and fair way of business. Our strength is fcl  spot availability in our warehouse in Hamburg. cc

Products

CHINA CHILLI (CHAOTIAN / YIDU)

3.000 – 45.000 scoville
Art.-Nr. 4001

  • Whole 5-7cm
    Art.-Nr. 4001-1

    CHAOTIAN· 3.000 – 5.000 shu

  • Whole 3-5cm
    Art.-Nr. 4001-2

    CHAOTIAN· 3.000 – 5.000 shu

  • CRUSHED 3-5 MM
    WITHOUT SEED
    Art.-Nr. 4001-3

    YIDU· 8.000 – 10.000 shu
    · 10.000 – 15.000 shu
    · 15.000 – 20.000 shu

  • CRUSHED 3-5 MM
    WITH 15% SEED
    Art.-Nr. 4001-4

    YIDU· 8.000 – 10.000 shu
    · 10.000 – 15.000 shu
    · 15.000 – 25.000 shu
    · 25.000 – 35.000 shu

  • CRUSHED 3-5 MM
    WITH 40% SEED
    Art.-Nr. 4001-5

    YIDU· 8.000 – 10.000 shu
    · 10.000 – 15.000 shu
    · 15.000 – 25.000 shu
    · 25.000 – 35.000 shu
    · 35.000 – 45.000 shu

  • CRUSHED 1-3 MM WITHOUT SEED
    Art.-Nr. 4001-6

    YIDU· 8.000 – 10.000 shu

  • CRUSHED 1-3 MM
    WITH 15% SEED
    Art.-Nr. 4001-7

    YIDU· 8.000 – 10.000 shu
    · 10.000 – 15.000 shu
    · 15.000 – 25.000 shu

  • Powder
    Art.-Nr. 4001-8

    CHAOTIAN60 ASTA/80 ASTA/
    100 ASTA/120 ASTA
    · 8.000 shu
    · 15.000 shu
    · 25.000 shu
    · 35.000 shu

  • CHILLI RINGS
    Art.-Nr. 40031

    YIDU· 25.000 – 28.000 shu
    “Rings of Fire”

  • CHILLI FILAMENTS
    Art.-Nr. 4032

    YIDU· 800 – 1.000 shu
    “Diablo Hair”